Different Branches of Law
Unless you are a lawyer or law students, not everyone is aware of the different branches of law. Each branches deal with different aspect and different uses, it has its specification and advisory. For ordinary individual , it is important that we have some understanding and knowledge that here are different kinds of lawyers specialized in different cases possible with in our society, these lawyers deals with different branches of law, and this is something one should know before approaching a prospective lawyer for help to solve a problem or legal issue.
We don’t have to become lawyer to understand laws of our great nation, what is important here is that we have basic understanding what are the laws that protects us. With this article, it will help all of us some better understanding on laws of our land.
Different Branches of Law
There are more than 20 branches of law, Let us familiarize ourselves on its nature, policies and nuances.
Civil Law. This law is specialized in resolving any dispute on contractual agreements. Any dispute without any criminal charges falls under the civil law category.
Criminal Law. Dispute that concerns a crime committed against public authority or other citizen falls under criminal. Along with civil law, criminal law is one of the broad classifications under which an offense can be placed. Murder, theft, driving under the influence and other such violations fall under law, and are handled by a criminal defenses lawyer
Property Law. Disputes regarding property ownership are resolves under the property law. What is important on this law is the distinction of difference between movable and immovable property. Movable property pertains to one personal possession, while immovable property refers to land and real estate. Property law deals only with immovable possessions.
Income Tax Law. This branch of law deals with the income tax and other tax related disputes between individuals or companies vs. the Federal Government. Lawyers that specialized in Income tax law have great deal of expertise on this field.
Labor Law. Out of all different braches of law, labor law deals with the term and conditions and disputes regarding employment of labor. This is a set of rulings and regulation that govern the relationship and terms between an employer and employee. Though this falls under civil law, it is highly vast and extensive in nature.
Minor Law. Minor law deals with all the cases of a person less than 18 years of age. This includes exploitation and abuses of minor and parental control and custody issues.
Environmental Law. This is a set treaties, agreements, rules and statutes that aim to protect the environment. Anyone who offends these laws is subject to judgments through the system that is set in place. Due to its general nature, environmental law does not fall under criminal law category.
Administration Law. This law deals with the activities and governing capacities of the administrative bodies of the Government. These bodies should not be exempt from standard laws of functioning, and administrative law is the branch that deals with disputes regarding the same time.
Constitutional Law. This is one of the different branches of law that deals with study and implementation of principle set forth by The U.S. Constitution. Disregarding Constitutional policies is being reprimand by specialist in this branch of law and governance.
Press Law. Freedom of the press gives press people and media personnel press freedom, but there are some rules and regulation to adhered and observed here as well. The press law deals with the liberties and power are enjoyed by the media. It also governs the copyright and intellectual property rights issues.
Sales of Good law. This are sets of laws and statute ruling that pertains to the sale and purchases of goods. There are needs to be a proper system in place to enable the smooth transaction of goods and services, and the sale of goods law is the set of laws one refers to it if any disputes arises.
Aside from all these branches tat are mentioned, here are some more different branches that you may come across at some point or the other.
- Marine law
- Public international law
- Family law
- Law of Torts
- Corporate law
- Excise law
- Limitation and arbitration law
- Air law
- Defamation law
- Parliamentary law
All these different branches of law go hand in hand and worked as well oiled machines simultaneously to enable the smooth functioning of society. Individuals or group of individual’s breaks laws are dealt accordingly. And these keep society functioning well.